Gastric sleeve surgery is a type of bariatric surgery that has become popular among many. It is quick and gives impressive results. It also has very low risk of complications; less than 1% within the first 30 days following surgery.
Preop liver shrink diet is a particular kind of food given to patients who are candidates for gastric sleep surgery. The objective of this diet is to shrink the liver.
Your Liver Before Surgery
The liver and stomach are nearby in your abdominal cavity. The stomach is right next to the liver’s left side. To access the stomach during most bariatric surgeries, the surgeon is often forced to retract the liver using a retractor. The device lifts the liver out of the way so that the surgeon can safely work on the stomach.
Most overweight and obese patients suffer from a fatty liver disease. This is an accumulation of fat cell inside and around the liver cells. The condition results in impaired liver function. It also causes the liver to increase in size. A significant liver makes it difficult for a surgeon to carry out gastric sleeve surgery and also intensifies the risk of complications.
There have been many incidences where patients suffered serious injury and even death when surgery was performed on patients with large livers. To safely carry out the surgery, the liver has, to be shrunk.
The Pre-Op Diet
Why is a strict diet imperative before surgery? Being overweight makes your liver excessively large. This, in turn, raises the risk of complications during and after surgery.
The 2-week pre-op diet, if followed strictly, can help shrink the size of the liver. This not only makes it easier for the surgeon to perform the surgery, but it also makes it’s safer for you to go under the knife.
The Two Week Pre-Op Diet Plan
A typical diets plan recommends the following:
- An increase in protein intake from lean meats such as turkey and chicken.
- A lower carbohydrate diet. This means avoiding foods such as white rice, cereals, pasta, and bread.
- A no sugar diet. This means cutting off processed sugar, candy, juices, desserts, and sodas, etc.
Your two-week diet before going through gastric sleeve surgery will look something like this.
- Breakfast- it will constitute a shake that is high in protein, and it should not contain any sugar.
- Lunch- for breakfast you will mostly have vegetables and some lean meat.
- Dinner will also constitute of vegetables and lean meat.
- Snacks- you can have berries, nuts, small salads, vegetables as well as low carb snacks between meals. The salads should contain some vinegar and oil.
- Fluids- staying hydrated is key because it helps keep your hunger at bay. You can take any fluids to stay hydrated as long as they contain no sugar and have fewer calories.
Two Days Before Surgery
A couple of days before the surgery takes place; most surgeons recommend that you keep of caffeine and carbonated drinks. It is imperative that you only consume clear liquid diets for the two days. Clear liquids include Jell-O that is sugar-free, water, sugar-free popsicles and one sugar-free protein shake once a day. Following the surgeons, instructions are very critical at this point.
Why Do You Need To Follow The Pre-Op Diet?
The pre-op diet is low in fat and carbohydrates. It, therefore, helps in the reduction of glycogen stores in your liver. Glycogen is a type of sugar that is stored in your muscles and liver for energy. Once it is reduced, the size of your liver decreases, and the liver softens.
During surgery, therefore, the surgeon will be able to lift the liver and move it out of the way so that they can have easy access to the stomach. If the liver is light enough, surgery can be done laparoscopically but should it be cumbersome and immobile; open surgery might be the best options. This results in a large abdominal scar and translates to a longer recovery and heightened risks.
Following the diet to the letter is likely to help shrink your liver enough for a laparoscopy procedure which is faster, safer and with faster recovery.
Once your liver shrinks, you should also strictly follow the post op diet so that you can recover faster and start your journey to optimal health and weight loss.
Some dizziness and nausea are not uncommon when you get started on the pre-op diet but always communicate any concerns you have with your doctor. Do not try to substitute any foods in your diet plan without the physician’s approval.